Satyendra Nath Bose: Google honors Indian scientist and mathematician Satyendra Nath Bose in today’s Doodle | India News

NEW DELHI: Satyendra Nath Bose, an Indian scientist and mathematician, is honored in today’s doodle for his contribution to the Bose-Einstein condensate. He delivered his quantum formulations to Albert Einstein that day in 1924, and Einstein immediately recognized it as a key breakthrough in quantum mechanics.
Bose’s rise to fame began in academia. Bose’s enthusiasm for math was stifled by his father, an accountant, who created an arithmetic assignment for him to answer every day before going to work. Bose began studying for a Bachelor of Science degree at Presidency College, Calcutta at the age of 15, then earned a Masters in Applied Mathematics at the University of Calcutta. He confirmed his prestigious academic status by obtaining the top of his class for both degrees.
By late 1917, Bose had begun offering physics lectures. While teaching Planck’s radiation formula to graduate students, he began to doubt how particles were measured and began testing his own hypotheses. He published his findings in a study titled Planck’s Law and the Hypothesis of Light Quanta, which he submitted to The Philosophical Magazine, a prestigious research magazine. His research was denied, much to his astonishment. He made the brave choice to send his manuscript to Albert Einstein at this time.
Einstein indeed recognized the significance of the discovery and quickly applied Bose’s formula to a wide range of phenomena. Bose’s theoretical paper has become one of the most important discoveries in quantum theory. The Indian government recognized Bose’s enormous contribution to physics by awarding him one of the country’s highest civilian honours, the Padma Vibhushan. He was also appointed a National Professor, India’s highest honor for scholars.
A true polymath, Bose went on to serve as president of many scientific institutions including the Indian Physical Society, National Institute of Science, Indian Congress of Science and Indian Statistical Institute. He was also an adviser to the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research and later became a Fellow of the Royal Society. In honor of Bose’s legacy, any particle that conforms to his statistics today is known as a boson. Many scientific breakthroughs resulted from his work, including the discovery of the Particle Accelerator and the God Particle.
Thank you, Satyendra Nath Bose, for changing physics forever. Your discovery has put quantum mechanics on a loop!

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